Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of the United Nations Human Rights Council: Indonesia

Article 28E(1) of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (“the Constitution”), ensures the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion: “each person is free to worship and to practice the religion of his choice, to choose education and schooling, his occupation, his nationality, his residency in the territory of the country that he shall be able to leave and to which he shall have the right to return.”(1) The Indonesian educational sector is, however, facing severe challenges, some related to human rights violations. Amongst these is the fact that many children of compulsory school age are currently out of school, particularly in Java.

By Olga Ruiz Pilato

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[1] Asian Human Rights Commission, The Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 <accessed in February 2022>.

Cover image by Fikih Firmansyah on Pixabay.

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