Turkish gov’t targets Gergerlioglu[1] a prominent human rights defender

There are several human rights violations are going on in Turkey. And also, it is not easy for human rights defender to do their work. Amnesty International Turkey’s former Chair, Taner Kılıç, has been sentenced to six years and three months in prison for membership of the Gülen movement.[2]

He is an activist, human rights defender, and a Turkish Parliament member (People’s Democracy Party-HDP) named Omer Faruk Gergelioglu. Gergerlioğlu had been dismissed from the medical profession by a decree (KHK) issued under the state of emergency on January 7, 2017. Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu was sentenced to two years and six months in prison on February 21 for social media posts about the Kurdish issue and the breakdown of the peace process in 2015.


He firmly stands against all kinds of human rights violations in Turkey. Nowadays, he was targeted by the parliament members of the ruling party (AKP). There was a strip search on female university students in Usak[3]. Gergerlioglu increases his voice against this horrible act[4] and got support from many people within Turkey. People who face strip search publish their stories on social media.


Gergerlioğlu said. “They attack me because I oppose sexual harassment of women, men, and children, and because all of the public is with me, the nation is behind me,”

The Following sentence has belonged to Ozlem Zengin, deputy head of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) bloc in parliament.

No parliamentarian terrorizes parliament as much as Omer Faruk Gergerlioglu. I categorically do not believe that strip searches exist in Turkey. Such a thing does not exist,” [5]

Furthermore, Turkish Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu has branded HDP deputy Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu a “terrorist” after the latter exposed the practice of strip searches by police.[6] Soylu also called the judiciary to open a case against Gergerlioglu, and he said, “I here call on the judiciary. This man is a terrorist. We have filed several lawsuits against him; do what is necessary,” [7]

After the above calls, a few days ago, a summary was prepared against Gergerlioğlu for his tweet about the arrests of mothers with babies, accusing of ‘provoking the public to hatred and hostility’ by Ankara Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office.[8]

Most media outlets are under the Government’s control; they are writing against the Gergerlioglu.[9] [10] Their main aim is to stop Gergerlioglu’s activities as a human rights defender. He is among the few figures in Turkey who firmly stands against the human rights violation. Turkey needs human rights defender like him these days more than ever.

In this respect, Protecting human rights is becoming more difficult every day in Turkey. Government increases its control on NGO’s[11] and human rights defenders are doing their work under the pressure of the Turkish Government. At Broken Chalk, one of our primary duties is to protect and support all human rights defenders worldwide.

If the human rights defenders and organizations present their support to him openly, the Turkish Government will reduce her pressure on Gergerlioglu. Moreover, Gergerlioglu increases his voice and fights against the violations of human rights in Turkey.

Broken Chalk

[1] Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu (born 2 November 1964, in Şarkikaraağaç, Turkey) is a medical doctor (pulmonologist), human rights activist and an MP (Member of the Turkish Grand National Assembly – TBMM) for the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP). He has dedicated his political career to fighting against human rights violations in Turkey.

[2] https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/turkey-amnesty-chair-convicted-travesty-justice

[3] https://www.duvarenglish.com/strip-search-sexual-violence-claims-in-turkish-prisons-prompt-outrage-news-55501

[4] I will not give up following the incident in which the young female students got strip-searched on 31 August in Usak Police HQ. https://twitter.com/gergerlioglueng/status/1338956656151994369

[5] https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/turkey/22122020

[6] https://www.duvarenglish.com/turkish-interior-minister-suleyman-soylu-brands-hdp-mp-omer-faruk-gergerlioglu-terrorist-for-exposing-practice-of-strip-searches-in-police-custody-news-55621

[7] https://www.duvarenglish.com/turkish-interior-minister-suleyman-soylu-brands-hdp-mp-omer-faruk-gergerlioglu-terrorist-for-exposing-practice-of-strip-searches-in-police-custody-news-55621

[8] http://mezopotamyaajansi25.com/en/ALL-NEWS/content/view/121659

[9] https://www.sabah.com.tr/gundem/2020/12/24/son-dakika-icisleri-bakani-soyludan-hdpli-gergerliogluna-bu-adam-muptezeldir-teroristtir

[10] https://www.trthaber.com/haber/gundem/bakan-soylu-gergerlioglu-fetocu-bir-teroristtir-540659.html

[11] https://www.dw.com/en/turkey-tightens-control-over-ngos-to-combat-terrorism/a-56088205

Who We Are?

Broken Chalk Platform, in March 2019, was founded by a group of educators abroad who experienced and have been experiencing severe human rights violations in Turkey who had to ask for asylum currently in several countries.

These education volunteers, who also suffered greatly, started their new lives in their new countries where there are no human rights violations in which they gain respect just because they are considered as human beings in those countries. However, they left one part of their minds and hearts in their homeland. They assigned themselves a new duty and the human rights violations they left behind had to be announced to the whole World. A group of education volunteers who came together for this purpose started their activities under the Broken Chalk platform’s umbrella. However, the Broken Chalk platform was not enough to serve for their aims. Therefore, they completed their official establishment as a Human Rights Foundation in October 2020.

Actually, we can express the reasons for our journey with the following sentences.

Firstly,  it is to make effectively known the increase of awareness of the human rights violations in Turkey by the World.

The current Government in Turkey had violated and spurned its own legally accepted written laws of the constitution.

As best as we can, we wish to announce to the world that in today’s Turkey,

  • no one is equal in the eye of legislation,
  • that presumption of innocence and crime privity were disregarded,
  • that the people are not considered innocent until their crimes have been proved,
  • that a usual act before is now counted as a definite crime, and so on.

We do wish to work hard to help make our beautiful land, Turkey, again a state of law and to give an end to all those unfair activities.

As for Broken Chalk, we imagine and look for a Turkey where mothers and their babies were not imprisoned, where people are not found in their prison-cell dead, and in where to help people in need is not considered as a crime and where being a member or a supporter of a legal party is not committed as an offend, etc.

Broken Chalk is now much more than a platform and we have reviewed and enlarged our vision and mission within this framework. Violations of rights would be the first in our agenda in the field of Education all over the World. At the point we reached today, Broken Chalk opened its door to all individuals from all across the globe, from all professions, and to all individuals who say or can say ‘I also want to stand against violations of human rights in Education for our future and whole humanity, where our generations grow up together.’

Covid-19 is the agenda of the whole World nowadays, but each year, an average of 297,000 children around the world die because of not having access to clean water.[1] The internet is the most essential need of our children to continue their Education during the pandemic period; however, all World states failed in this task. Worldwide, two-thirds of the school-age children aged 3-17, or 1.3 billion, do not have internet access in their homes.[2]

What makes Education so important is that it can help us eliminate the evils from society, introduce, and increase the good. We want to draw the attention of the public and stakeholders that Education is in danger in several different parts of the World. The attacks are wide-reaching from the bombing of schools to the murdering of students and teachers. Raping and sexual violence, arbitrary arrests, and forced recruitment also occurred, instigated by armed groups. Attacks on Education harm the students and teachers, but they also affect the communities both in the short and long term.

To mention a few of these from many,

  • Nigeria: 611 Teachers were killed, 910 Schools Destroyed in Nine Years in Northeast[3]
  • More than 22,000 students and teachers were harmed or killed in attacks on Education in the last five years.[4]
  • America: Since 2009, at least 177 of America’s schools experienced shootings.[5] Attackers killed 110 students and teachers, 246 injured.[6]
  • Between 2015 and 2019, 93 countries experienced at least one attack on Education, 19 more countries than in the previous reporting period of 2013-2017.[7]
  • Yemen and the Democratic Republic of Congo were particularly badly hit, with 1,500 attacks on schools in each country, and Afghanistan, Palestine, and Syria all saw 500.[8]
  • Ukraine: Since the conflict began in early 2014, more than 750 educational facilities on both sides of the contact line have been damaged or destroyed due to hostilities.[9]
  • In Turkey: According to the data compiled by the Union of Education (Egitim-Sen), the Government dismissed 41,005 educators.[10] In addition to that, sixteen private universities, where more than 56,000 students were receiving High Education, were also closed down, and thus 5,342 people, including 2,465 academicians, lost their jobs.[11]

Children and young people are silent victims of global bureaucracies, whose creative statistics and evasive vocabulary disguise their failure to translate any of the promises made into reality.

Our seminar on January 24, International Day of Education, was realized in partnership with Learning Planet. In this context, one of our new goals is to enrich this day with more programs, activities, and events next year as an Education Festival.

We invite all individuals who want to stop human rights violations in Education to become Volunteers of Broken Chalk.

 

Ramazan İnce

Co-Founder President

Broken Chalk

 

 

[1] https://www.who.int/news/item/18-06-2019-1-in-3-people-globally-do-not-have-access-to-safe-drinking-water-unicef-who

[2] https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/two-thirds-worlds-school-age-children-have-no-internet-access-home-new-unicef-itu

[3] https://allafrica.com/stories/202009090067.html

[4] https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/22000-students-teachers-harmed-killed-attacks-education-last/

[5] https://storymaps.arcgis.com/stories/3dbf6b680fc84036a3503159a96d50f2

[6] https://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2019/07/us/ten-years-of-school-shootings-trnd/

[7] https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/22000-students-teachers-harmed-killed-attacks-education-last/

[8] https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/22000-students-teachers-harmed-killed-attacks-education-last/

[9] https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/attacks-schools-quadruple-conflict-hit-eastern-ukraine-unicef

[10] https://stockholmcf.org/turkish-teacher-not-assigned-over-his-alleged-links-to-gulen-movement-killed-in-workplace-accident/

[11] https://stockholmcf.org/turkey-celebrates-teachers-day-as-tens-of-thousands-of-dismissed-teachers-jobless-or-in-prisons/

Recover and Revitalize Education for the COVID-19 Generation

International Day of Education (January 24, 2021) with theme Recover and Revitalize Education for the COVID-19 Generation. 24th Jan. 2021 Time: 19:00 – 21:00 (CET)

Without quality education and lifelong learning for all, we will not succeed in addressing the challenges of our world. This requires investment, coordination, and multilateralism; rethinking what and how we learn, with those who are on the frontlines and will be the actors and citizens of tomorrow: teachers and young people. – Audrey Azoulay, UNESCO Director-General

 

Zoom Registration Link: https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZcpduqorj0vEtyvq02-7AuofJM2gdsGKKIA

Youtube Link: https://youtu.be/Pc4-8C4Dv9I

Speakers:

Professor Emeritus in English with 60 years in education, and author of Gulen’s Dialogue on Education: A Caravanserai of Ideas. In 1986, I authored “Thomas Jefferson of Turkey[TURKIYE’ NIN THOMAS JEFFERSON’I.]” Turing[ISTANBUL] ED. YAYIN MUDURU [ISTANBUL]: TURKIYE TURING VE OTOMOBIL KURUMU, 1986, SAYI 75/354, 1986, p, 101-113. An article in Turkish about Chelik Gulersoy and dealing with the restoration of Osmanli Architecture from Bolu to the Greek border.

From 2010 to 2015, Gage chaired the International Youth Platform for the Gūlen Institute of Houston, TX., with awards to secondary school winners of writing presented in the U.S. Congress.

In addition to my academic career as a Business, Management, and Organization specialist, I also worked as a University Manager. In addition, I worked as an education manager with Mathematics Teacher for many years.

 

 

Professor of education and culture has a Ph.D. in “values education” with the background of bachelor’s degree as a Sociologist. In his teachings, training, researches, and publications, he specifically focuses on pedagogy, values, and society. Has taught in different countries, in multicultural societies, and got overseas experiences.

 

I did my undergraduate education at Anadolu University Preschool Teaching. I completed my master’s degree in Gaziantep University Psychological Counseling and Guidance.  I also received Family Counseling Training at two different universities.  Afterward, I received training in sexual, play, relationship therapy, sexual abuse, solution-oriented counseling, special education, picture interpretation, application of objective tests, family, life, and student coaching, and I applied these to both parents and students in my professional life.  I held both professional and managerial positions for 10 years.  I am currently studying software development and yoga expertise.  I am a columnist for a local newspaper.  I am also writing a book for adults with the theme “Love and Compassion” and writing children’s stories about “bringing universal values ​​to children”.

I have previously researched the “effect of divorce on children and family”.  Last month, I made a presentation at an international program “The secret of success” as the main guest in an international program.  Also in 2016 the psychology of women who are forced to emigrate from Turkey, “I want to write a doctoral thesis about and I want to continue my education in this field.

He thought in high school and college-level computer science in various classes in Tanzania, South Africa, Turkey, Mozambique, and the United States. He currently lives in the United States of America and besides giving computer lessons in High School and University, he provides technical support to other trainers by doing Educational Technology Coaching.

 

 

Since 1993, he has worked in educational institutions abroad.

 

 

Yusuf Incetas, Ph.D., was born into a Turkish Gastarbeiter family in Germany. He started elementary school there but later finished his secondary and college education in Turkey. He lived and worked in Turkey, Uzbekistan, Indonesia, and the United States. After serving in the U.S. army, he worked as a certified public school teacher in Illinois, taught English as a second language at Harvard University, and pursued a career as a Turkish language instructor at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, CA. He currently holds an associate professor of education position at Heritage University, the only higher education institution founded on Yakama Nation land. He has a Ph.D. in secondary and continuing education from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has a cat named Groot.

 

Get his BSc. Mathematics from Middle East Technical University, Turkey. Work as a school leader and teacher for 15 years in Ghana, Iraq, and Nigeria. After moving to the Netherlands takes three different IT courses and today work as a System Engineer at Fujitsu, Netherlands. Dedicated his life to fighting against Human Rights Violations.

 

  • Dr. Yunus Karaca
  • Germany
  • Corona’s d psycho-sociological wave effect on education

I graduated with a biology education. I worked as a teacher project coordinator for many years. I worked as an academician in a private university for 2 years and 4 years at the state university. We have projects in NASA and other international institutions and works with patent applications.

 

 

Thrived on helping people from diverse backgrounds to create new opportunities in their career path by using counseling skills and flourishing their strengths with the help of positive psychology.
Muavviz believes in promoting environmental awareness, living environmentally friendly, and targeting to reach universal sustainability goals, global citizen

Hakan Gök studied Physics at Middle East Technical University between 1990-1995. He worked as a physics teacher in many countries. He completed his Master’s and Doctorate education in England. His doctorate on “The Greatness of God in Risale-i Nur”, which he completed at the University of Durham, was published in the United States as a book titled “Atheism or Theism: The Perspective of Said Nursi”
Hakan Gök taught at Mevlana University, Turkey for three years. He is currently working at Leeds Beckett University in England.

The State of Impunity in Turkey Today

The human rights violations in Turkey is rapidly increasing in recent years. Because of that reason, the International Observatory of Human Rights has taken the initiative to set up a “Turkey Tribunal.” The Tribunal is not a legally binding body. But the ruling of the Tribunal will have high moral authority.[1]

A Flemish initiative assembled an international panel of judges in Geneva and presented it with human rights violations in Turkey. The initiative is coordinated by Prof. Dr. Johan Vande Lanotte, professor at the University of Ghent, who at the end of the 1980s was one of the first in the Flanders region in Belgium to give a fully-fledged Human Rights course.[2]

Turkey Tribunal is organizing a webinar for public awareness. The third one will be State of Impunity in Turkey Today.

The speakers that include the authors of the report, real witnesses, legal and human rights experts will be discussing the finding of the story that answer two main questions:

1. Is there an internal system of preventing and monitoring torture or mistreatment, and if yes, how does it function in reality?

2. Is there an efficient system of sanctioning possible torture or mistreatment, or can we speak of organized impunity towards torture or abuse against people held in detention?

It is possible to join the webinar from the following link

To get more information on Turkey Tribunal with this link. 

[1] https://turkeytribunal.com/why-a-turkey-tribunal/

[2] https://turkeytribunal.com/who-are-the-initiative-takers%e2%80%8b/

Webinar on International Day of Education

Get Involved

International Day of Education (January 24, 2021) with theme Recover and Revitalize Education for the COVID-19 Generation

We are looking for academics, educators, learners, and innovators to speak. You may talk or present your report in one of the following categories, or you may choose your subject.

  1. Effects of COVID-19 on Education.
  2. Should States include human rights in the school curriculum?
  3. The ways of improving online teaching.
  4. How to eliminate the harmful effects of lockdown to the students.

If you are interested, please send an e-mail to [email protected]

from https://en.unesco.org/commemorations/educationday

Education is a human right, a public good, and a public responsibility.

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 24 January as International Day of Education(link is external), in celebration of the role of education for peace and development.

Without inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong opportunities for all, countries will not succeed in achieving gender equality and breaking the cycle of poverty that is leaving millions of children, youth, and adults behind.

Today, 258 million children and youth still do not attend school; 617 million children and adolescents cannot read and do basic math; less than 40% of girls in sub-Saharan Africa complete lower secondary school, and some four million children and youth refugees are out of school. Their right to education is being violated and it is unacceptable.

Security forces arresting protesters and carrying out raids on students’ homes.

Bogazici University students and academicians are using their basic human rights and protesting the appointment of the new rector into their university. But the Turkish Security forces are responding unfairly and undemocratically.

 

In a statement, the university faculty members declared that they would not accept President Erdogan’s appointment as the rector of Bogazici University, Melih Bulu[1] since it violates the academic freedom and independence and the democratic values of Bogazici University.

Bulu was the first rector appointed from outside a university since a 1980 military coup and part of increasing the Turkish Government’s anti-democratic practices after the failed coup attached 2016.

Bogazici students gathered in front of the university to protest the appointment of Bulu.

“We do not want a trustee as a rector.”

“Melih Bulu is not our rector”

“The universities have been and always will be ours.”

“The universities will become free with us.”

Police have arrested 36 university students due to protesting Melih Bulu as rector of Boğaziçi University since the protests began. Security forces on Tuesday began arresting protesters and carrying out raids on students’ homes.

Sixty-three alumni of Boğaziçi University, including writers and artists, have released a joint statement against a pro-government rector’s appointment.

A rector appointed without a democratic process would harm the traditional values that Boğaziçi has represented for 150 years, they said and cited the principles that the university accepted in 2012:

  • It is indispensable for scientific and social development that universities are not exposed to any person or institution’s influence or pressure and not used as a political instrument.
  • It is essential for autonomy that democratically elected committees and academic administrators have the decision-making authority. Educational administrators such as rectos, demand, institution directors, academy directors, and department chairs should be determined not by appointments but by-elections.
  • It is a condition of scientific freedom and creativity that universities, as autonomous constitutional institutions, determine their academic programs and research programs with academic staff and/or university committees’ decisions.

“Considering the contribution of freedom of thought to human creativity, we put our signature under the basic values stated above ​​to maintain the free and democratic environment, which is in the tradition of Boğaziçi University,” says the statement.[2]

 

Broken Chalk

[1] Melih Bulu was appointed rector on January 1 by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and is a member of his ruling Justice and Development Party, AKP. He was rector of Halic University in Istanbul before assuming his new post.

[2] https://bianet.org/english/education/237258-bogazici-alumni-academics-continue-to-protest-rector-appointed-by-erdogan

 

Press Release: Ukraine extradited two teachers to Turkey

Ukrainian soldiers arrested Salih Fidan[1] and Samet Gure[2] while trying to illegally cross the Ukraine-Poland border, which alleged the pair were members of the Gulen Movement.

President Zelensky personally invited people who suffer from political persecution, and he promised asylum and even passports.[3] The act of extraditing is unbelievable and unacceptable. According to the number of applications to The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), Turkey is the second country after Russia.

 

Samet Gure and Salih Fidan at the Airport in Kyiv

Continue reading

Ukraine is trying to extradite two teachers to Turkey

Two teachers, who spent New Year’s Eve in the city, were detained on the allegation of an illegal attempt to cross the state border. Currently standing at Kiev Boryspil International Airport teacher who asked to be deported to Turkey.*

Samet Güre said:

“My name is Samet Güre and my name is Salih Fidan. We came to Ukraine and we had a ticket to Dubai, and from Dubai to Erbil, but the soldiers forced us to go to Turkey. They said that at 8 o`clock we have a flight to Dubai, but they say lie, and we checked everything and there is no flight. We know that they are forcing us to go to Turkey. Now we are seeking asylum, we were talking with all these soldiers behind us. They are waiting there. But they do not let us write anything about it, we could not talk with their head, and they are forcing us.”

They were detained on December 31 and transferred to Kyiv Boryspil International Airport, where they are up to this day.**

They were under the supervision of the police but later on some Turkish Authorities also involved in the case. But it was not clear whether those Turkish officials members of the Turkish Embassy or Turkish Secret Service. They have return tickets to Erbil in transit through Dubai, but they were not allowed to board their plane. Moreover, the border service forced them to board an Istanbul flight.

Rebecca Harms, Human rights defender and Green Member of EUParliament 2004-2019, post a tweet and call the attention of the Ukrainian Authorities, some political figures, and some press member with it. And she also reminds us of the positive acts of Ukraine Prime minister in the field of human rights with the following sentences “I remember well that President Zelensky once personally invited people who suffer from political persecution and he promised asylum and even passports”

 

 

* Two Turkish teachers are on the verge of being forcibly deported to Turkey

** Ukrayna, iki öğretmeni Türkiye’ye sınır dışı etmeye çalışıyor

Is Küçüközyiğit also a victim of an abduction?

Turkey was first confronted with incidents of abductions in the 1990s and unfortunately, in recent years, cases of forced abduction have started to come to the fore again. In a report * titled “Police Torture and Abductions in Turkey” of 2017, Human Rights Watch stated that the state officials did not speak out about the kidnapping, and the evidence obtained was horrifying.

Huseyin Galip Küçüközyiğit, the former Prime Ministry Rapporteur, is missing since December 29, 2020. Küçüközyiğit’s car is also missing.

Küçüközyiğit and Abdullah Gul, former President of Turkey

His family is worried that he might have been kidnapped. Nursena Küçüközyiğit, daughter of Küçüközyiğit , said that they applied to Police and CİMER, but did not receive any feedback. Nursena opened a Twitter account as @NeredeBabam, where is my father, and expecting support from the public.

Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu, who brought the issue to the agenda, stated that the incident could be a new kidnapping. Posting on his Twitter account, Gergerlioğlu said, “ Another abduction case again? Hüseyin Galip Küçüközyiğit, former Prime Minister’s reporter, has not been reached since Tuesday, December 29th. No news can be heard after he said on the phone that he will go to Kocaeli with his daughters for New Year’s Eve from Ankara. What happened? ” asked.

Rebacca Harms, human rights defender and Green Member of EUParliament 2004-2019 re-tweet Omer Faruk Gergerlioglu’s tweet and ask Where is Hüseyin Galip Küçüközyiğit? in English, in German, in French, and in Italian languages.

Küçüközyiğit’s daughter said

“In our last meeting, he said that he would come to us for New Year’s Eve on Wednesday morning at 15.40. We could not reach your phone again. Although I applied to the police the first 2-3 days ago, I did not write on social media, just in case, but we still cannot reach it.

There is no possibility that my father will not inform us for such a long time after he says I am coming to you. I have read similar incidents on social media about the Statutory Decrees. I do not have any witnesses or images of his abduction. However, it is not possible for us to remain unaware of that long. He did not have any health problems either; he was not in a hospital or in detention. Unfortunately, I cannot think of another possibility. At first, I thought I should expect a big accusation, but I do not want to be late for such a possibility. Anyway, my main question is where my father is. Unfortunately, I cannot find an interlocutor on the subject. That is why I decided to announce it on social media. “**

 

Küçüközyiğit and her daughter

As Broken Chalk, we ask the Turkish Government to do all the necessary investigation of Küçüközyiğit’s disappearance. And ask all the human rights defenders and organizations to follow the Küçüközyiğit’s case to pressure the authorities for them to do all necessary acts.

Broken Chalk

* https://www.hrw.org/report/2017/10/12/custody/police-torture-and-abductions-turkey

** https://www.tr724.com/bir-kacirilma-vakasi-daha-mi-6-gundur-haber-alinamiyor/

 

 

Children’s rights in The Netherlands

This article is a summary of the report on Children’s Rights in The Netherlands

The list of pre-reporting issues (LOIPR) is the result of extensive consultation between Dutch non-governmental organizations (NGOs), youth and experts by the Dutch NGO Children’s Rights Coalition.

More than 80 NGOs and experts have contributed and/or approved the LOIPR.

The Caribbean Netherlands

1- Matters of Concern BES Islands

UNICEF Netherlands conducted situational analyzes (SitAns) in 2018-2019 to assess the level of child rights compliance in the Caribbean Netherlands since 2013, at the request of the governments of the State and the BES islands. Worrying issues are mentioned below,

  • Poverty and the lack of a social minimum as a benchmark for poverty policy

Many children on the islands are estimated to still grow up in poverty, which could limit their access to basic necessities such as food and clothing.

  • Inadequate access to childcare and after school facilities

In Bonaire, 62% of children aged 0 to 4 have access to childcare. In St. Eustatius this is 67% and in Saba 80%.

While 25% of children (5-12 years old) participate in after-school care programs in Bonaire, 50% in St. Eustatius and 80% in Saba.

The government runs the “BES (t) 4 children” program to provide high quality, safe and affordable childcare and after-school care facilities for 0-12 year olds in the Caribbean Netherlands.

  • Lack of legislation prohibiting child maltreatment and corporal punishment

There is no legislation prohibiting corporal punishment in the BES islands.

  • Çocuk Ceza Hukuku

At the end of 2019, juvenile criminal law will enter into force, preventing minors from obtaining criminal records.

 

The European Netherlands

GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION MEASURES

2- Lack of information on children’s rights

Only 34% of the youth say they know the CRC. Adults have no knowledge of children’s rights due to lack of education.

3- Not Ensuring the Transformation of Youth Care Due to Lack of Expertise and Finance

It is a lack of vision regarding the role of government in supporting the upbringing and education of children.

4- reservations regarding the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

The reservations made by articles 26, 37, and 40 of the CRC are still in force. These articles cover the child’s right to social security, the prohibition of applying adult criminal law to children aged 16 and over, and the child’s right to legal aid.

5- Minimal Monitoring

The current method of data collection, children’s enrolment groups, makes it impossible to develop a targeted policy or evaluate the policy’s effectiveness.

6- Children’s Rights Are Insufficiently Guaranteed in Business and Trade Policy

The wide variety of children’s rights that may or may be violated in companies’ production chains are not adequately protected by the government.

 

General Principles

7- Meaningful Participation of Children and Young People in Policy and Practice

In the Netherlands, the participation of children and young people is gaining more and more attention. Still, meaningful participation of children in all aspects of policy and practice is not yet structurally guaranteed.

Child participation is also fragmented in municipalities. It differs by region, by municipality, and within municipalities.

8- Punishment According to the Activities of Child Parents

In the Netherlands, children appear to be punished for the activities of their parents, although there are situations in which punishment is not allowed under Article 2.2 of the CRC. An example is the birth of a child with (part of) parents / family who do not have resident status in the Netherlands

9- Inadequate Enforcement of Immigration Law in the Best Interest of Children

The best interests of the child (BIC) is not adequately covered in immigration law. A bill to protect BIC in immigration law has been pending since 2016, but has not yet received sufficient political support.

10- Insufficient Protection of Child Rights Defenders in Foreign Policy

In some countries, adequate care is not taken to protect these children who are in danger due to their activities.

11- Damage to Children Deported from the Netherlands after a Five-Year Residence

University research (2018) concluded that the expulsion of children staying in the Netherlands for more than five years has resulted in developmental harm.

 

VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN

12- Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence

Between 90,000 and 127,000 children experienced some form of child abuse in 2017.

13- Abused children do not receive timely and adequate assistance

Waiting lists and non-timely and assistance are the result of a tight municipal budget, insufficient co-operation between authorities, or the problems of necessary – and sometimes more expensive, specialist care.

14- Prevention of Child Abuse and domestic violence is missing in many municipalities

The Children’s Ombudsman’s Office reported this in 2014 and 2017.

 

Family Situations and Alternative Care

15- Inadequate cooperation and adaptation in youth care and other areas

In order to provide adequate care for children, it is important that the transformation in youth care is carried out functionally. This has not been done successfully enough.

16- Food industry inadequately protects Children from Marketing of Unhealthy Foods

A total of 11.7% of Dutch children (4-17 years old) are overweight and 2.7% of them are obese.

The food industry affects children’s diets through marketing techniques for selling foods and beverages rich in sugar, salt and fat.

17- information about origin not Available to All Children

The sale of children for exploitation is a criminal offence in the Netherlands.

There is no general prohibition in the Criminal Code on the sale of children, including for adoption purposes; This means that intermediaries or parents who earn money from the adoption process cannot be avoided.

18-Poverty among children continues to exist due to the lack of national vision and unequal access to (effective) poverty policy for children in municipalities.

In the Netherlands, a total of 292,000 children are growing up in poverty, 117,000 of them in a long-term low-income family (at least four years in a row). Despite the economic growth in recent years, this number has hardly decreased.

In the Netherlands, childcare allowance provisions are complex to apply and difficult to access. Families face the risk of repayment if there is a (minimum) increase in income.

 

EDUCATION

19- The education system is inadequate for children with disabilities

A concrete plan for the realization of inclusive education is missing. Also, a legal definition and aims of inclusive education have yet to be studied.

For many children there is no place in education. In 2017-2018, a total of 14,265 children ‘stayed at home’, of which 5,576 were exempted from compulsory education for physical or psychological reasons, and 4,515 students were included in the ‘absolute absenteeism’ category.

20- Unequal Opportunities and Differentiation in Education

When it comes to choosing a secondary school for a primary school student, recommendations for children who score evenly on their final exam are structurally different for children with parents with higher or lower education. The lower educated parent group usually includes non-Western children. This leads to inequality.

21- Quality of education under pressure due to lack of teachers

Performance in primary and secondary education is steadily decreasing. There is an increasing shortage of teachers. Some schools pass four days to one school week due to shortages.

The full-time teacher deficit is expected to rise to 4,100 in 2022 and 11,000 in 2027.

 

SPECIAL PROTECTION MEASURES

22- Online-sexual harassment of children is on the rise

The Netherlands ranks in the top three in the list of countries where sexual abuse images of children are hosted on the website.

The number of notifications to the police increased from around 3,000 in 2014 to about 18,000 in 2017.

23- Inadequate measures to reduce human trafficking

Municipalities have the authority to care for victims of human trafficking and to combat perpetrators. However, 95% of municipalities do not have specific policies for this.

24- Lack of Legal Representative at all stages of the penal procedure

Some children questioned by the police do not have access to a lawyer.

25- Children are still often waiting in police cells

Children are still kept in police cells very often and for too long, where almost no attention is paid to their age and vulnerability.

26- Excessive pressure in young care

There is a growing concern in the implementation of measures that restrict children’s freedom (room placements, isolation, limited phone and internet use, and room controls), particularly in residential youth care facilities and mental health institutions.

27- Asylum Centers are not child friendly enough

The joint research of the Children Working Group in refugee centers raised the following concerns about the living conditions of 7,000 refugee children.

–   Access to mental health services

  • Lack of privacy due to prolonged sharing of living spaces puts pressure on family relationships;
  • Activities offered in refugee centers do not meet the needs of children;

28- The children are still in custody

Although the Dutch government has stated that detention of foreign children is used only as a last resort, practice (sometimes) shows the opposite.

29- Unaccompanied Foreign Children

The removal of the special residence permit (AMV-vergunning) for Unaccompanied Foreign Children (UMFNs) in 2013, in order to provide faster clarity in their situation, did not improve the situation.

30- Further Disappearance of Unaccompanied Foreigners

The number of Unaccompanied Foreign Nationals (UMFNs) disappearing is increasing every year. 360 people disappeared in 2017.

The daily newspaper ‘NRC’ reported that more than 1,600 asylum-seeking children have fled reception places in the last 4.5 years.

 

Brokenchalk